Common Causes of Gum Disease

gum disease Coral Gables, FL

Many individuals have to contend with the common but serious dental problem of gum disease, which is an inflammation of the tissue surrounding the teeth. Gingivitis is the first stage of this progressive disorder, and if left untreated, it may turn into a more advanced form known as periodontitis.

The most common causes of gum disease

There are numerous reasons, including lifestyle choices and medical issues, that can result in the development of this condition in dental patients. Although it may sometimes be hard to explain its occurrence, there are some common causes that contribute to the onset of this disease.

Improper dental hygiene

Poor oral hygiene is often the most frequent source of gum disease. If a person does not brush or floss properly, plaque will build up on the surface of the teeth and irritate the gums. This plaque results in bacteria that can infect the tissues surrounding the teeth, causing inflammation.

Poor nutrition

Diet is essential when it comes to oral health. Nutritional deficiencies, particularly a deficiency in vitamin C, can lead to the development of the disease. Patients who consume large amounts of sugar on a regular basis or do not drink enough water are also more likely to experience an increase in plaque build-up.

Pregnancy

Hormonal changes during pregnancy cause an increase in blood flow; this results in swelling and bleeding of the gums, as well as gum sensitivity and gingivitis. It is important for patients who are pregnant to have regular dental checkups and cleanings to avoid pregnancy-related complications.

Tobacco use

The use of tobacco can cause gum diseases as well as other serious dental complications. Smoking and chewing tobacco reduce the functionality of the cells of gum tissues, which prevents them from healing properly. This leaves the mouth more susceptible to inflammation and infection.

Diabetes

Diabetes is a medical condition that results in high blood glucose levels. Poor circulation issues that are common in persons with diabetes may result in an impaired healing ability of the gum tissue; this makes the gums more vulnerable to disease. Proper dental care is vital for diabetics.

Family history

A family history of gum disease causes an increased risk of developing the condition. Patients with a family history should let their dentist know about it and watch for signs of the disease.

Medications

Certain medications can increase the risk of developing gum disease due to the side effect of dry mouth. When the mouth is consistently dry, less saliva is available to protect the teeth from plaque and bacteria, and the bacteria are able to spread easily. Antihistamines and antidepressants are a few of the most common medications that cause this issue.

Conclusion

Many factors can increase the risk of developing gum disease. It is important for dental patients to maintain proper oral hygiene and nutritious diets, as well as make necessary changes to their lifestyles, to ensure optimal oral health. Getting proper dental care and regular cleanings can also help manage or even avoid this condition completely.

Request an appointment here: https://www.gablesexceptionaldentistry.com or call Gables Exceptional Dentistry at (305) 203-4132 for an appointment in our Coral Gables office.

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